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ATI MED SURG STUDY GUIDE - ATI SKILLS MODULES 2021

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ATI MED SURG STUDY GUIDE ATI SKILLS MODULES 2021 Infection Control  Infection: invasion & proliferation of microorganisms in body tissue w/ potential to affect nearly every body system  Stand... ard precautions: reduce risk of transmission of micro-organisms (gloves & hand wash)  Transmission (isolation) precautions: for patients suspected to be infected w/ highly transmissible pathogens o Contact: VRE, MRSA, C. difficile, wound infections, herpes o Droplet: flu, Mycoplasma pneumonia, diptheria, mumps o Airborne  Terminology: o Antimicrobial- destroy or suppress the growth of pathogens o Antiseptic- reduces the number of pathogens on a surface o Asepsis- methods used to assure environment is pathogen-free as possible o Aseptic- as pathogen-free as possible o Bacteriostasis- inhibition of further bacterial growth o Chlorhexidine- antibacterial compound w/ substantial residual activity as liquid antiseptic & disinfectant o Disinfectant- any chemical agent to destroy or inhibit growth of harmful organisms o Endogenous- produced within an organism rather than externally o Exogenous- externally caused o Medical asepsis- infection control practices in healthcare (handwashing) (clean) o Surgical asepsis- destroy all pathogens (sterile) o Retrovirus- large group of RNA-based viruses infect immunocompromised individuals  Latex reactions o Irritant contact dermatitis: skin is dry, itchy, irritated o Chemical-sensitivity dermatitis: chemicals added to latex- rash like poison ivy o Latex allergy- most serious; protein in rubber become airborne (skin & respiratory) o Oil based creams breakdown latex gloves  Hand hygiene o Soap & water: warm water, wet, soap, 15 sec, dry from fingers to wrist o Alcohol-based: apply, rub until dry, gloves  PPE: Gloves, mask, respirators, goggles, face shield, gowns [Show More]

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